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Literature Reviews

This guide provides detailed information about conducting a literature review.

Keeping Track of Your Sources

You're going to be looking through a lot of materials for your review, and it's easy to loose track of a particular citation or how you got to a source.  Keep a search log -- a notebook, note cards, an online document, a Word document, a citation manager, whatever format you prefer -- to track:

  • Where you searched (name of database, catalog, etc.)
  • When you searched
  • Search terms and combinations of terms that were successful
  • Search terms and combinations of terms that were not successful
  • Searches or leads you want to pursue next

Credit: Marian Hampton, University of Pittsburgh Libraries, Literature Review,

Creating a Bibliography

RefWorks will create a bibliography of references for you in just a few clicks of the mouse. 


  1. Go into the folder you are working in.
  2. Click on the end quotation mark in the toolbar, near the top of the page. 
  3. Choose "create bibliography."
  4. You will be presented with a bibliography.  You can choose from many popular output styles. If you do not want the one that RefWorks automatically chose, you can change that by clicking the drop-down box in the tool bar.
  5. You will have to copy this and paste it into your paper.  The "Copy to Clipboard" button is helpful here.
  6. Be sure to proofread your bibliography!

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