"12.2.5, Institutional Scientist Development Programs
The institutional mentored research scientist development program (K12 and KL2) provides support to an institution for the development of independent basic or clinical scientists. The goal is to enhance research career development for individuals (known as ‘scholars’) selected by the institution who are training for careers in specified research areas..... It supports the development and/or improvement of core courses designed as in-depth instruction in the fundamental skills, methodologies, and theories necessary for the well-trained, independent, clinical researcher."
As referenced in an RFA: Department of Health and Human Services, RFA-DE-15-006
"To be responsive to this FOA, factors from at least three levels of influence must be addressed by the proposed study. Studies supported by this FOA must be based on a clearly articulated multilevel theoretical/conceptual framework, such as a social ecological model or expanded chronic care model, and investigators must identify and justify which factors within the framework will be addressed. Investigators may draw from existing theoretical/conceptual framework/causal models or develop their own models, providing justification for the choice."
As referenced in an article